Above: Australian Boulder Opal & Hiddenite
Learning About Gemstone Variety
Gemstones exist in every colour under the rainbow, with some types available in more than one colour. The lore and legends of these gemstones can prove fascinating. Nothing expresses one’s individuality in their jewellery more than a unique coloured stone.
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A few notable coloured stones:
A fossilized resin that can come in the colours yellow, orange, and brown. Many prehistoric plants & animals have been found trapped inside this stone. It is associated with the astrological sign, Taurus.
A variety of Quartz, Amethyst is the purple February birthstone. It has been used in royal luxury pieces and everyday jewellery alike.
A fresh greenish-blue seawater-like blue gemstone that is the birthstone for March. It is a colour variety of the mineral, Beryl.
Citrine is a yellow-orange to orange-red variety of Quartz and comprises one of the November birthstones, along with Topaz.
Emerald is one of The Big Three gemstones, along with Ruby and Sapphire. Its gorgeous green-to-blue-green colour complements it being the birthstone for May. Emerald is also a variety of Beryl.
One of the birthstones of October, Opal is composed of hydrated silica. The five main types are white/light opal, black opal, fire opal, boulder opal, & crystal/water opal.
This August birthstone is known for its yellow-green colouring. It comes from the mineral Olivine and can be found in meteorites and lava.
Sapphire is the September birthstone. It is from the mineral species Corundum and comes in every colour except red, though is most commonly known as a brilliant blue stone.
Many red Spinels have historically been confused for Ruby. A new addition to the other birthstones of August, Spinels can be found in red, orange, pink, blue, purple, and black.
Zircon comes in a variety of colours, and when colourless has historically been confused for Diamond. Australian Zircon is the oldest mineral on the planet. Zircon is one of the December birthstones.